• Shumaila Tahir MBBS (DUHS), FCPS (Medicine) Resident,
  • Tasneem Ahsan Endocrinologist MRCP (UK), FRCP (Glasg), FRCP (Edin), FRCP (Lon), FCPS (Pak)
  • Syeda Anjala Tahir FCPS (Medicine), MBBS (Dow)
  • Haseeb Ahmed Bhatti MBBS, FCPS (Medicine) resident


UTI, antimicrobial, MDR, culture


Objective: To determine the frequency of antimicrobial multi-drug resistance in urinary tract infection. Setting: Medical unit II of Jinnah post Graduate Medical Center, Karachi. Study design: Cross sectional study. Period: Six months. 5th September 2016 to 5th March 2017. Material and Method: This was a prospective, observational, case series study. Patients with diagnosis of urinary tract infection were enrolled. Detailed history, physical examination and biochemical measurements were recorded. Patients were followed to determine for outcome variable i-e antimicrobial Multi drug resistance. Results: Hundred and eight patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in this study. The mean±standard deviation age of study population was 47.92±12.349 years. On analysis of demographics data it was observed. 39(36.1%) were below 40 years of age & 69(63.9%) were of age 40 years and above. 60(55.6%) were males and 48(44.4%) were females.35 (32.4%) patients had DM. 42(38.9%) had Nosocomial infection. 79(73.1%) had duration of disease less than 3days. 64 (59.3%) had hospital stay Less than 5days. On analysis of frequency of outcome variable 29 (26.9%) had MDR. Conclusion: Antimicrobial multi-drug resistance is not uncommon in patients with Urinary tract infection. E.coli was frequently cultured organism and was significantly associated with antimicrobial MDR.

Author Biographies

Shumaila Tahir, MBBS (DUHS), FCPS (Medicine) Resident,

Resident Physician (Internal Medicine) JPMC, Medical Officer District East, Department of Health Sindh Government Karachi.

Tasneem Ahsan, Endocrinologist MRCP (UK), FRCP (Glasg), FRCP (Edin), FRCP (Lon), FCPS (Pak)

Internist/Endocrinologist Emeritus professor of Medicine, Endocrinology, Ex Dirctor JPMC.

Syeda Anjala Tahir, FCPS (Medicine), MBBS (Dow)

Post graduation JPMC, Consultant Physician (internal Medicine) Dr. Ruth K.M. Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi.

Haseeb Ahmed Bhatti, MBBS, FCPS (Medicine) resident

Resident Physician, JPMC Karachi.